# Calculating strike temp

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#### TurboBrew

##### Well-Known Member
What the general consensus on the specific heat of grain. I have all the other variables, just need c of grain.

#### Beerrific

##### Well-Known Member
Here is the equation that Palmer suggests in How to Brew:

Initial Infusion Equation:
Strike Water Temperature Tw = (.2/r)(T2 - T1) + T2

where:
r = The ratio of water to grain in quarts per pound.
T1 = The initial temperature (¡F) of the mash.
T2 = The target temperature (¡F) of the mash.
Tw = The actual temperature (¡F) of the infusion water.
So I think you can use that on its own or use it calculate the specific heat of grain in the exact form you want.

OP

#### TurboBrew

##### Well-Known Member
What do you mean by the initial temp of the mash? The final temp should be 155 but how do I calculate the initial?

#### Beerrific

##### Well-Known Member
That is the temp of the grain.

Example:
Grain temp: 65
r=1.25
Mash target: 155

(.2/1.25)(155-65)+155=169.4

So you would use around 169F water.

#### bull8042

##### I like 'em shaved
This is another great argument to get BeerSmith or another brewing software. If I had to remember the formulas, I would never be able to brew.

#### FSR402

##### Well-Known Member
Now how would you also deal with the temp of the tun?

<I use BS but I still like to know>

#### Beerrific

##### Well-Known Member
Now how would you also deal with the temp of the tun?
I over heat mine by 5-7 degrees and let it come down to the temp that I know that water needs to be. Or you can pre-heat with a gallon of near boiling water.

#### bull8042

##### I like 'em shaved
Now how would you also deal with the temp of the tun?

<I use BS but I still like to know>
I have a HERMS system, so everything is at temp at the same time. But, what I did before when using a cooler..... if I needed to strike with 169F water, I would heat my water to 175F, dump it in the tun, leave the lid off and stir until it cooled to 169F. Then stir in the grains. I normally hit my temps dead on.
When I started mashing in a keg, I usually heated my water 10+ degrees over to adequately compensate for the heat absorbed and dissipated by the SS.

#### FSR402

##### Well-Known Member
Yeah I got all of that. I have my Beersmith all set so it gives me what I need to strike at and hit my temps (after I preheat the tun to 100*).
I was just wondering what the math would look like with the extra variable in there.

#### jwic

##### Well-Known Member
That is the temp of the grain.

Example:
Grain temp: 65
r=1.25
Mash target: 155

(.2/1.25)(155-65)+155=169.4

So you would use around 169F water.
So when it says "temperature of grains" it pretty much means room temperature, right? Why would they be any colder or hotter than room temp?

#### Chefencore

##### Well-Known Member
So when it says "temperature of grains" it pretty much means room temperature, right? Why would they be any colder or hotter than room temp?
If your 'room' is the garage in the middle of winter!

#### ajdelange

##### Well-Known Member
Because you stored them in your unheated/un airconditioned garage over night?

Another aspect of this that most overlook is striking heat. As the grains take up water they give up heat. How much temperature rise this results in varies for not detectable to a few °F.

#### Hermit

##### fuddle
I over heat mine by 5-7 degrees and let it come down to the temp that I know that water needs to be. Or you can pre-heat with a gallon of near boiling water.
What size tun and how long does it take to stabalize?

#### Hermit

##### fuddle
Because you stored them in your unheated/un airconditioned garage over night?

Another aspect of this that most overlook is striking heat. As the grains take up water they give up heat. How much temperature rise this results in varies for not detectable to a few °F.
I think I noticed this when I tried to 'condition' my malt once. I wondered if it was fermenting a bit. I just know when I took the lid off later it felt warmer than when I had hand stirred it.