Originally Posted by scottab
I've read the article on racking to secondary and have one question... if you are fermenting in a bucket fermenter/bottle bucket how do you avoid the trub and yeast when you do go to bottle? In this scenario is it better to rack to the carboy after primary fermentation to allow the beer to clarify further and the yeast to flocculate? My carboy is only a 5 gal so to use as primary i would need a larger carboy.
Syphons tend to have very simple bits for the end that act like U-bends to draw beer from above rather than below, i.e. not draw in trub. If you leave it in primary to clear for several weeks and don't disturb the trub too much it'll be pretty clear when you rack it. Any remaining yeast settles at the bottom of your bottle.
I've seen people saying that racking to secondary results in less sediment in the bottles but I'd advise you listen to this episode of Basic Brewing Radio:http://hw.libsyn.com/p/6/a/4/6a49bb0...aca6193666df34
where they actually test primary vs. secondary, before making more work for yourself.
P.S. I just re-read your question and understand what you were asking a bit better now. No you don't have to rack in order to bottle, previous comments still apply about trub staying behind. But most brewers on here would call it good practice to rack, especially since you can mix in your priming solution as you do it. I didn't rack my first (and only, I'll admit) batch and all it means is you have a slightly thicker layer of sediment in the bottle after a few days (and potentially less even carbonation).
I hope to get a bottling bucket one day but for the mean time a single bucket is all you need :-)