I use this:
Plugged with this:
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B004V3SIR4/?tag=skimlinks_replacement-20 - food safe and can be heated to 400 deg. F
It can make 3 -24 inch or 4 - 18 inch thermowells. Total cost under $30
I agree with augiedoggy, I have both the Cereal Killer and the 12/24 V ebay pumps. My Cereal Killer is motorized with a cordless drill (works great). The Cereal Killer has paid for its self by being able to buy grain by the bag and crushing as needed.
That is the problem with stuck fermentations, it is not easy to figure out.
Take a gravity sample from the top of your fermenter and see if it is different, it shouldn't be but you have a lot of trub in that sample.
If you do go forward with secondary and bottling, make sure you keep an...
Since temperature (disolved CO2) is also a factor, I would also follow a priming calculator to figure how much sugar to add. Here is one as an example:
Just my 2 cents:
You did not really oxygenate your wort so fermentation at this point is going to be really slow. Cold crashing now will completely stop fermentation but once you bottle, fermentation will probably start again as there will be more oxygen introduced and the process will rouse the...
As much as you want it to, with decreasing alcohol content to increasing volume.
It really depends, you need a bit more than just pale malt to make a brown ale, but in general the base malt would be around 2 lbs per gallon.