New to water profiles. I received my Ward Lab report and it lists Sodium at 188 ppm. I read that Sodium should be lower than that for most beer styles but I have not found how you can lower the sodium. Any help is appreciated.
That's nonsense. Chloride has nothing to do with either free or bound chlorine.I'd avoid using that tap water right off the bat.
Chloride (as well as chlorine) should be 0 for brewing. So either filter that to reach said levels, or start getting distilled water (if you trust the maker) to brew with. I'm on a well where I live now, with no negative/issue components in it. It a bit hard, but that can be a benefit.
I disagree. It is not typical, but there are some municipal water supplies with low Ca and Mg and high Na. College Station, Texas, for one, and I am sure there are others. When I lived there, I brewed exactly one batch before I obtained an RO system. If you search the HBD archives, you will see AJ expressing sorrow for College Station brewers having to use that water. He reluctantly suggests that the only thing to do with such water is to use an RO system. Having dealt with the issue personally, I would second that recommendation.There's no way that water is not coming out of a water softener. If you have no way of bypassing it then an RO system is your only option.
Depends. On a pool forum I'm a member of I see values ranging from under 100 up to around 400, but that seems to be the high end. Values of 100-200 seem to be more typical. I'm not certain but I think the pool test is measuing it the same way a brewing water test does.What's a typical alkalinity range? I'm at 225 and thought that was on the upper side.
Remove all, is not necessarily the right answer. But some level of dilution is likely required for brewing a wide array of beer styles. Having a RO machine certainly is nice for me. I have about 250 ppm sodium in my tap water.So it's official, you have Perrier water coming from your taps...
The bad news is that it's really unsuitable for brewing unless all salts are removed (RO).