I made a Belgium brew on Sunday - pitched dry yeast at 70 degrees and I still do not have any activity. Saw one bubble yesterday but nothing seems to be happening. Any advise ? Should I just be patient. I have never had this problem before.
That's a good sign, she's alive and working.Yes there is foam in the fermenter
68F is OK, as long as it doesn't drop below that. Belgian yeasts benefit from slightly higher temps than most other yeasts.OK, so I am in AK, so yes the temp in the house does go below 70 at night- usually around 68
Thanks - it is sitting in a tub and that is on a folded towel. I will wrap it at night -68F is OK, as long as it doesn't drop below that. Belgian yeasts benefit from slightly higher temps than most other yeasts.
Is there a place in the home where temps are more stable or a touch warmer all the time?
If your fermenter is directly placed on a cold floor, put a 1" foam pad or a 2-3x folded-over towel underneath. You can also wrap the fermenter up for the night with a sleeping bag or thick (moving) blanket. Anything to keep it a few degrees warmer and reduce temp drops overnight.
TemperatureUsed a dry- I think it was Safbrew T-58
That may help.Thanks - it is sitting in a tub and that is on a folded towel. I will wrap it at night -
Never judge lack of fermentation by lack of bubbles in the airlock. Many fermenters leak around the stopper or lid seal. CO2 comes out where the resistance is the lowest.There was never any visible active fermentation. I got one or two bubbles and then nothing.
In all my 20+ years of brewing [...]
During those 20 years, how did you determine those brews were done? Were they beer?in all the years I have brewed I have not done gravity samples.
Thanks for the advice, I may leave it for another week. Yes I am using the large plastic bucket with the plastic snap lid. I actually have hydrometer, probably used it once or twice. Guess maybe I should start using it....again thanks.During those 20 years, how did you determine those brews were done? Were they beer?
Seriously, having a hydrometer is not a luxury when brewing or making other fermented beverages you want to bottle.
Once the big event is over, the most compelling reason for taking 2 gravity measurement a few (3-5) days apart is to determine that gravity is stable , which is an indication that fermentation has indeed completed. If you bottle before that it's completed you may risk bottle bombs, as fermentation continues or may resume, usually slowly, causing over-carbonation.
Since it's been fermenting for almost 2 weeks (pitched yeast on the 19th) it may very well be done. Or not quite, due to temp variations, especially early on. But how'd you know without some gravity indication?
How about leaving it for another week, then bottle? How's that sound?
BTW, what kind of fermenter is this in? I gather it's opaque. Is it a typical white brew bucket with a large plastic snap lid? Airlock through a small rubber grommet hole in the lid?
You'd be better of taking a gravity reading now, and compare with one a week from now.* If they are the same AND close to your expected FG, it's likely safe to bottle. It's advised to fill a 12-16 oz plastic (soda) bottle too, so you can monitor carbonation (it gets hard). Or detect over-carbonation if that happens.I may leave it for another week.
If that's the case, fermenting down to 1.012 will be a apparent attenuation of 88% and 12.2% ABV.My software says that would give me an OG of 1.105 and finish around 1.012
The only thing you do want to be certain of is that it is indeed finished fermenting. Otherwise you might over carbonate the beer and if bottling, that potentially might be bad. Though I've never had the bottle bombs that some speak of.OK, so should I still wait a few days and take another reading or just bottle it ? I was thinking of bottling it on Thursday.
Give it a few more days, keep it warm. Then remeasure gravity and if the same, bottle it. Chances are it's done but it gives more peace of mind when those last 2 readings are the same.So, I will wait a little long and take another reading. Thanks
So, I just did another reading -4 days from the last one- - and it is now 1.013, so I think I will bottle it today.If that's the case, fermenting down to 1.012 will be a apparent attenuation of 88% and 12.2% ABV.
Might be a little much for Safebrew (Safale) T-58 yeast which is advertised as typically achieving 72-78% attenuation and an alcohol tolerance of 9-11%.
So the 1.020 the OP states might indeed be their FG with that yeast.
That's 80% attenuation and 11.2% ABV.
Just jumping in late to the party, but this statement cannot be overstated. In fact, I would add to it that "do you smell anything in the brewing space in which you have the fermenter?" because leaking gas not going through airlock escapes around lid or airlock attachment and if you smell beer, it is outgassing, just not through the airlock.Never judge lack of fermentation by lack of bubbles in the airlock.
I would hesitate and take another reading if the last time you measured 1.020 Tuesday, and 1.013 today (Satruday) I would at least wait a couple days to see if it stabilized. One random stranger's opinion of course.it is now 1.013
This. Definitely. I'd wait at least three days. Bottle bombs are serious.I would hesitate and take another reading if the last time you measured 1.020 Tuesday, and 1.013 today (Satruday) I would at least wait a couple days to see if it stabilized. One random stranger's opinion of course.
Exactly! Dropping gravity tells us the beer is still actively fermenting!I would hesitate and take another reading if the last time you measured 1.020 Tuesday, and 1.013 today (Satruday) I would at least wait a couple days to see if it stabilized.
So, I thought it odd that it dropped that much so I just did another reading it is about 1.019. Not sure what I or if I just read it wrong the first time. 1.019 pretty close to the 1.020 last time.Exactly! Dropping gravity tells us the beer is still actively fermenting!
Although it does look odd, dropping 7 points in 4 days at a time that's considered to be the end of fermentation...
It's definitely not safe to bottle at this point. Only bottle when your beer has proven to be stable.
Wait a week and get another reading.
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