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  1. 1HW

    Too much bicarbonate in water

    RO is close to distilled in terms of purity. RODI (Reverse Osmosis / Deionized) is the same as distilled in terms of purity (both just get there via different mechanisms). I would treat RO water the same as distilled in terms of Beer Smith profiles. If you have an option to brew with all RO...
  2. 1HW

    NEIPA Problems

    As others note, the first sign of oxidation is loss of flavor and aroma. Remedies: 1. Become fanatical about oxidation prevention measures. Given your screen name, I suggest this option if you're intent on making NEIPAs on the regular. 2. Be aware that NEIPAs are notoriously quick...
  3. 1HW

    Well Water vs. Softened Well Water Questions : Alkalinity (as CaCO3) and Buffering Capacity

    Alkalinity (expressed as CaCO3) is your buffering capacity, so Q1 and Q2 effectively ask the same question. Generally speaking, hard water has higher alkalinity. From our friends up north: Having said that, water softeners remove hardness, not alkalinity. To reduce alkalinity, one would...
  4. 1HW

    Forgot to aerate wort

    I can actually fix that for you. Listen to this: This song will replace the song not-to-be-named in your head. It's also unlikely to get stuck in your head. Songs are more likely to get stuck in your head if they have a short repetitive section (think Chili's Babyback Ribs...
  5. 1HW

    Forgot to aerate wort

    I'd just let it go if it's already fermenting.
  6. 1HW

    Any ideas for cutting a cooler WITHOUT a hole saw?

    A drywall cutter would probably do the trick, as would a dremel, or perhaps a router. All more expensive than a 3" hole saw if you don't have these on hand or can borrow from a friend.
  7. 1HW

    Any ideas for cutting a cooler WITHOUT a hole saw?

    Agreed. A 3" bulkhead seems pretty aggressive for a thermometer probe.
  8. 1HW

    Distilled water PH

    Agreed, pure distilled water (or RODI water) begins its life as neutral 7.0 pH. The problem is that it will not measure as such with a pH meter because 1) distilled/RODI water has no buffering capacity, and 2) when exposed to CO2, the unbuffered water will acidify. The pH swing can be...
  9. 1HW

    It's (not) the Great Pumpkin, Charlie Brown!

    Great replies...let's keep em coming. If we all work together, we can end the Scourge of Fall Pumpkin Ales.
  10. 1HW

    Any Lallemand Philly Sour feedback or experience to share?

    Philly Sour yeast is a notoriously slow starter. If you look at the pH and S.G. time curves, the pH reaches terminal value more quickly than S.G. This is also why they advise that you not co-pitch it with another yeast. The "other" yeast will almost certainly outcompete the Philly Sour yeast...
  11. 1HW

    It's (not) the Great Pumpkin, Charlie Brown!

    Way back when we started brewing, we promised ourselves that we would never, ever brew a pumpkin ale. If we did, our friends and family were to take that as an indication that we had gone mad, and they should immediately seek power of attorney to make all future brewing decisions on our behalf...
  12. 1HW

    Distilled water PH

    Distilled water has nothing to buffer against swings in pH, and as @dmtaylor said, when distilled water comes in contact with CO2, the pH will decrease. The important piece, as others also note, is building a water profile that will result in a 5.2-5.6 pH mash.
  13. 1HW

    Grainfather Conical Fermenter

    Here's a review from last December.
  14. 1HW

    Diagnosing a possible infection

    Even if this wasn't the cause of the bad batch, we should take all possible steps to ensure sanitation. There are so many other factors that can influence how our brews turn out from one batch to the next. The more we can keep our practices consistent from one batch to the next, the easier it...
  15. 1HW

    Diagnosing a possible infection

    This is a universal truth.
  16. 1HW

    Odd Homegrown Cascade Flavor

    Hops should feel a bit paper-like and make a crinkle sound when rolled between your fingers. Whole hops are then generally dried in a food dehydrator (think beef jerky) or something similar. Is it possible the hops were not dried? Alternatively, do you know if they were treated with some kind...
  17. 1HW

    Any Lallemand Philly Sour feedback or experience to share?

    It's a wild yeast, so the recommendation from the manufacturer is to treat it as such. That said, it's a slow starter and is readily out-competed by other yeasts, so most folks use their standard level of sanitization...
  18. 1HW

    Liquid yeast shelf life

    What @VikeMan said. Once you have your recipe planned out, you should use a yeast calculator to determine whether the yeast (given their current age) are up to the task of fermenting the batch as designed. Generally, what you will find is that the calculator recommends using a starter (i.e., a...
  19. 1HW

    2 weeks, still bubbling....

    Specific gravity is a measure of how dense your wort is. It's used to calculate the percent alcohol content of your beer (ABV) and helps us understand when our beer is done fermenting. Original/Starting Gravity (OG) is your wort's "potential" to become alcohol. Higher OGs mean higher possible...