you can often find carboys on craigslist or at thrift shops for really cheap--you need a container w/a small opening to avoid oxidation during aging and definitely don't want to use plastic containers that were designed for single use (you'll also probably need a capacity of 5-6 gallons). As far as bottling goes, you can go to a recycling center and buy used wine bottles for really cheap. Basics corks aren't too bad either (I got some for $13/pack of 100). Or, you can use 1 or 2L soda bottles. Glass is probably better though. Craigslist can also work well for bottles. (I picked up 5 dozen grolsches for free!)
A proper syphon is less than $10 and you'll definitely need it for racking, as you'll damage the wine by pouring. In terms of recipes, with your budget, you'd probably be best with a wine kit, although more money buys more quality/better taste. Alternatively, you could look into fruit wine, but the results are less reliable and you'd need more expertise/experience.
Hope that helps!