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Home Brew Forums > Home Brewing Beer > Fermentation & Yeast > Constantly getting lower than expected OG and FG! Whats going wrong?
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Old 02-26-2013, 02:25 AM   #1
4traindays
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Default Constantly getting lower than expected OG and FG! Whats going wrong?

I there, I'm fairly new to brewing, having only brewed 9 batches. I'm consistently getting lower og and fg readings, on average .012 off on both. I've tested my hydrometer with water and it reads an even 1.000. What could I be doing incorrectly? For instance just brewed a ruination ipa clone, target og was 1.070 I showed 1.060 target fg was 1.012 I showed 1.004. I can't figure this out! Please help!


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Old 02-26-2013, 02:31 AM   #2
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If it's always wrong it's probably broken. 1.004 is really low. What yeast did you use?


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Old 02-26-2013, 02:32 AM   #3
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over pitching yeast possibly. more info is needed what was the ratio of the yeast used to wort?
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Old 02-26-2013, 02:36 AM   #4
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@ vegan I used wlp002 that I made a starter with. I can't figure this out, unless like you said my equip is faulty. Guess I might need a new hydrometer to rule that out.
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Old 02-26-2013, 02:44 AM   #5
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Quote:
Originally Posted by 4traindays View Post
@ vegan I used wlp002 that I made a starter with. I can't figure this out, unless like you said my equip is faulty. Guess I might need a new hydrometer to rule that out.
You said that your hydrometer reads 1 in water, but at what temp? And, is it the same temp as your wort when you take the reading? My hydrometer reads 1 as well, but not at the 68 degrees it's calibrated to. Mine is actually zeroed at 72 when tested. Also, are your volumes right?
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Old 02-26-2013, 03:00 AM   #6
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I tested it at 60', that what is calibrated to. Yes that is what I test the wort at as well. As an experiment I tested it's reading at 60 degrees and at 75 degrees. The difference in reading was about an extra .002. Is this accurate? Would my boil size make a difference? Meaning if the recipe says boil 2.5 but I boil 3.5 then top off, could that influence my readings? Just realized that even my 2.5 gallon boils were off about the same amount as my 3.5 boils.
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Old 02-26-2013, 03:03 AM   #7
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It's not your hydrometer, it's your process.

Consistently low OG means your mash efficiency is probably off from what you expect. Are you mashing or using extract?

If you're all-grain, your low FG could be because you're mashing too low. Need more info on your recipes.
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Old 02-26-2013, 03:05 AM   #8
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I am an extract brewer with steeping grains. Where could my process be going wrong? Thanks
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Old 02-26-2013, 03:28 AM   #9
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Quote:
Originally Posted by 4traindays View Post
I am an extract brewer with steeping grains. Where could my process be going wrong? Thanks
Well, if you're boiling 2.5 gallons, then topping off, it's hard to get an accurate reading because it may not be mixed well for the first reading. As far as the last reading, that does seem pretty low, but not sure why. I would get another hydrometer just to verify the first one.
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Old 02-26-2013, 03:43 AM   #10
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You could get a cheap refractometer off ebay for 20 bucks shipped too. opticalfactory sells good ones for 20.95 shipped.


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