This was a red ale extract kit and my ABV turned out at around 3.5 but should have been around 5.1. I have some questions.
I believe I could have screwed up my OG reading because I forgot to factor temperature into the reading, but what other issues could affect this?
I read on another post that mash temp could affect this. So could steeping temps also affect this? --> "Higher mash temps produce more long chain sugars (which the yeast won't/can't eat) resulting in more body and lower ABV (higher FG)
And it will be three weeks on Sunday it was in the primary. Could this lower ABV be due to it still is fermenting?
Another, when checking gravity readings should I always have the same amount of brew in my hydrometer jar?
Lastly, Do you usually drink your sample after testing? I am, and it tastes good.