I made my first CDA recently, yours looks really normal. The only thing I can add to help you is add now that you are already fermenting is add lots of dry hops. My CDA had enough bitterness just not enough aroma or flavor from the late additions.
So now it has been almost 2 weeks and the fermentation has stopped but there is a layer on the top that is like small brown circles, will this clear out with time or should I just go ahead and move forward with this brew as is?
Normal, I have a black steam ale in my primary, looks exactely like yours does. Bottle/Keg it up!!! Though I tend to leave mine sit longer, but sometimes I can't wait either and just xfer it to my keg and drink it!!!