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Old 03-10-2009, 02:01 AM   #11
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Location: Andover Minnesota
Utility: Andover Water Department
Water Source: Franconian Ironton-Galesville aquifer
Interannual/Intra-annual variability: low
Disinfectant: ?
Date: February 2009

Unsoftened tap water as tested by Ward labs.
pH 8.0
Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) Est 236
Electrical Conductivity, mmho/cm 0.39
Cations / Anions, me/L 4.1 / 4.2
Sodium, Na 7
Potassium, K 1
Calcium, Ca 55
Magnesium, Mg 12
Total Hardness, CaCO3 188
Nitrate, NO3-N < 0.1 (SAFE)
Sulfate, SO4-S 2
Chloride, Cl 9
Carbonate, CO3 6
Bicarbonate, HCO3 221
Total Alkalinity, CaCO3 191
"<" - Not Detected / Below Detection Limit

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Old 03-10-2009, 03:41 AM   #12
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Champaign, IL

pH: 9.1
Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) Est: 204
Electrical Conductivity, mmho/cm: 0.34
Cations / Anions, me/L: 3.2 / 3.7

Sodium, Na: 39
Potassium, K: 2
Calcium, Ca: 10
Magnesium, Mg: 11
Total Hardness, CaCO3: 71
Nitrate, NO3 -N: < 0.1 (SAFE)
Sulfate, SO4 -S: <1
Chloride, Cl: 9
Carbonate, CO3: 22
Bicarbonate, HCO3: 166
Total Alkalinity, CaCO3: 173

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Old 04-03-2009, 08:31 PM   #13
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Location: Honolulu, Hawaii
Utility: Honolulu Board of Water Supplies
Water Source: Palolo groundwater well
Interannual/Intra-annual variability: ?
Disinfectant: none
Date: ?
All results in mg/L-

Calcium 11
Magnesium 9.5
Sodium 21
Chloride 23
Sulfate 4.4
Nitrate 2.1
pH 8.15
Hardness 66
Alkalinity 74
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Old 04-08-2009, 07:10 PM   #14
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Pflugerville, Texas (source: Lake Pflugerville, surface water)

Collected 3/31/2009, analyzed by Ward Labs

pH 8.3
TDS 322
Sodium 25 ppm
Potassium 3 ppm
Calcium 46 ppm
Magnesium 16 ppm
Total Hardness as CaCO3 182 ppm
Sulfate 12 ppm
Chloride 44 ppm
Carbonate 6 ppm
Bicarbonate 184 ppm
Total Alkalinity as CaCO3 161 ppm

* Chloramine is the primary disinfectant used, amount is unknown but chloramines are known to be a problem (especially after hard rains cause runoff into the lake) so I treat all brewing liquor as well as all water used for cleaning and sanitizing equipment with Campden 1/2 tablet to 10 gallons or filter with a ChlorPlus 10 filter.
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Reason: All of Pflugerville is now on this water
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Old 04-14-2009, 12:44 PM   #15
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Dekalb County, Georgia (mg/L or ppm):

Total Calcium (ppm): 4
Total Magnesium (ppm): 1.7
Total Sodium (ppm): 9.4
Total Sulfate (ppm): 7
Total Chloride(ppm): 5
Total Bicarbonate (ppm): 11.7
Alkalinity (ppm): 22.0
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Old 04-21-2009, 05:10 PM   #16
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Wausau, WI

Calcium N/A
Manganese < .04 mg/l
Sodium 12.6 ppm
chloroform 1.6 ppm
Sulfate 14.10 ppm
Iron < 05. mg/l
Ammonia n/a
Nitrate .45 ppm
pH 8.5
Hardness 80 to 100 mg/l
Alkalinity 70-80 mg/l
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Old 04-21-2009, 05:22 PM   #17
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East Dundee, IL

Ward-lab report so it is possible there was extra salt in the pipes even after I ran it for 10 minutes after bypassing the softener. That would partially explain the chloride and sodium levels.

pH 7.1
Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) Est 708
Electrical Conductivity, mmho/cm 1.18
Cations / Anions, me/L 12.0 / 12.3
Sodium, Na 93
Potassium, K 4
Calcium, Ca 90
Magnesium, Mg 40
Total Hardness, CaCO3 392
Nitrate, NO3-N < 0.1 (SAFE)
Sulfate, SO4-S 18
Chloride, Cl 171
Carbonate, CO3 < 1
Bicarbonate, HCO3 383
Total Alkalinity, CaCO3 314
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Old 04-23-2009, 12:09 AM   #18
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Louisville, KY

pH 8.2

Sodium, Na 30
Potassium, K
Calcium, Ca 47
Magnesium, Mg 12

Total Hardness, CaCO3 165
Nitrate, NO3-N 1.0
Sulfate, SO4-S 59
Chloride, Cl 47
Carbonate, CO3 < 1
Bicarbonate, HCO3 78
Total Alkalinity, CaCO3 78 mg/l (ppm)

Any one care to offer an opinion? I usually use 5.2 Buffer.
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Old 06-04-2009, 09:08 PM   #19
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Municipal Water Data
Cleveland, Ohio and Vicinity
(Data from Cleveland Water: 2008 Annual Report and Phone Communications)

All values are in ppm (mg/L). Hardness is mg/L as CaCO3

Calcium: 33
Magnesium: 8.8
Sodium: 7.7
Sulfate: ranges from 30-60 (seasonal, varies with Lake Erie levels)
Chloride: 33
Total Alkalinity: ranges from 72-84
Hardness: 122
pH: 7.4
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Old 06-12-2009, 08:08 PM   #20
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They are missing a few that seem relevant to brewing but does anyone see anything wrong with this water for general brewing purposes.

Listening to John it seems like the Sulfate could be a little higher.

Fresno, CA

Aluminum (ug/L) 2.18
Chloride (Cl) (mg/L) 8.65
Iron (Fe) (ug/L) 13.73
Manganese (Mn) (ug/L) 0.10
Sodium (Na) (mg/L) 19.56
Sulfate (SO4) (mg/L) 10.07
Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) (mg/L) 220.56
Total Hardness (as CaCO3) (mg/L) 127.12
Turbidity (Lab) (units) 0.29
Zinc (Zn) (mg/L) 2.55

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