Can somebody please tell me what these yellow dots are?
Just looks like yeast and/or normal sediment - doesn't look like anything to worry about.
It's pronounced "thermometer."
Hop or yeast particulate. All is well RDWHAH
Why is the home brew always gone?
Lupulin. The pollen gland from hops that "makes them what they are"
It's gold! What's your secret!?
You typically only see those when using whole leaf hops. Those are unruptured hop resin packets.
Totally normal fermentation junk.