Originally Posted by mopie992
Ive done the primary fermentation and the OG was 1.042, which the kit said was within range of what it should be
at racking to the carboy 3.5 days later the SG was 1.030.
now 1 week into sitting quietly in the carboy the SG is 1.005.
According to the chart with my hydrometer that puts the alcohol around .5%
Either that chart is messed up or you are reading it incorrectly. Your alcohol %age is way higher than .5% ABV.
I bet you're looking at the alcohol scale on the hydrometer itself. Ignore that. It's a "potential ABV" scale meaning that if the gravity fell to zero-ish from that point, that's what the resulting ABV would be. It's used mainly by wine makers at the start of fermentation. You only care about the gravity, ignore the other scales on the hydrometer.
So my question is, and the kit's instructions dont have any mention of this.
when adding the sugar at the bottling stage is that when the alcohol process begins and it will increase? or is that for carbonating? and lastly, have I made a batch really low alcohol beer?
The "alcohol process" is fermentation. The yeast is eating the sugar and pooping out alcohol as well as burping out CO2. The gravity measurements you take are basically measuring the amount of sugar in the beer. As the gravity falls, that means more sugar is being converted into alcohol and CO2.
When you bottle, you'll up the ABV a little bit more (like .5%) because you've added more sugar for the yeast to eat. In this process, you're concerned with getting CO2 in order to carb the beer..