Check out the kits at too. I started with their Deluxe kit for $139. I had about the same starting budget you mentioned, so I did what Yuri suggested and bought a good large kettle suitable for full boils (a 13.2 gallon converted keg, in my case) and a wort chiller.
Yuri mentioned that you can buy the individual components and not have a bunch of items you never use. You can do that, but you will spend more more money overall for the same items, and I can tell you there is not one single item of my Deluxe starter kit from Northern Brewer that I do not use. None of it is useless junk.
A couple of kits I'd suggest
halfway down the page.