Well, in all honesty, you can probably look at any point in time as long as you are careful, and actually the closer to brewday you look probably the better, as the beer will be covered with a layer of CO2. However, having said that, dont bother. The hardest part of this hobby is patience. Your beer is not going to be done any sooner, and it wont taste any better if you look. Just give it it's time and dont look until it is time to take a hydro reading.
As for bottles. A month is typically the right answer for how long, although it can depend on style. However, considering this is your first brew, I am sure you will be "testing" after a week. Just try not to test too much.