What kind of beer do you like? Maybe pick up a clone kit of one of your favorite commercial beers and see how close you can get!
As far as process for different types of beer, with several exceptions, the process is usually about the same. Recipes, mash conditions, boil times, fermentation conditions, lagering, etc is where the variability comes on but you still make a wort, boil it while adding bittering/flavor/aroma ingredients, cool the wort and then ferment it.
My best advice is brew what you like to drink. Also, I think the biggest thing for new brewers to improve your quality is to control your fermentation temperatures and pitch enough yeast. Welcome to the hobby!