Unfortunately, you did it backwards, you need to rack that beer off the trub before you bottle. Next time ferment in the carboy and then rack to the bottling bucket.
Bottled: Mexican Cerveza, Irish Stout, some Blue Moon clone, Pepper Ale, Full Hard Lemonade, Russian Imperial Stout, My first attempt at Mead (JAOM), Black Pearl Porter
Kegged: Blue Moon clone, Irish Red Ale
On Deck: Citra Hop Bomb (small batch) and Cream of Three Crops
Never underestimate the power of stupid people in large groups.