The correct answer is, when your beer is done fermenting (as verified by your hydrometer) rack to a secondary for two more weeks of finishing and clearing.
If you didn't take hydrometer readings, and you got a good fermentation, you could rack to secondary in a week. Most people recomend 1-2-3. One week in primary, two weeks in secondary, and three weeks in bottle. I like 2-1-2 and try one. Two weeks in primary, one week to clear in secondary, and try a 12oz in two weeks, but the 22oz bottles age longer, because I have a bunch.
I guess you really should learn to use a hydrometer to know when your beer has reached it's final gravity. Some people don't even use a secondary, and just leave it in the primary for two or three weeks.
Like I said, most people on here recomend 1-2-3, but I like 2-1-2. It is still 3 weeks from brew day to bottle day either way.