You need to know if you have chlorine or chloramine. Chloramine isn't going to be filtered out. I've got quite high chloramine, and now I treat my water with 1 tablet of campden for 10 gallons (camden is SUPER cheap so don't worry if you need it).
These days you can just about bet that any municipal or rural water supply has chloramines. That is because they are very hard to remove. However, MATRIKX® +CTO/2 filters
in a dual or triple configuration will effectively reduce chloramines to an acceptable level at about 1 GPM. These filters will do the best job for the $. I spent 16 years as a licensed water treatment dealer and this is the best filter system for the removal of chloramines. The reason for a double or triple inline filter system is for additional contact time to remove chloramines while not having to buy a very expensive single filter that will remove chloramines. The single filter designed to remove chloramines is so dense it will plug up with particles rapidly and have to be replaced. In the double and triple filter system you will only plug the first filter and it will not plug on most water for thousands of gallons. I have provided links for a couple of suppliers. http://www.purewater4u.com/store/kiss.shtml
$10.61 each - free shipping
Dual & Triple filter housings as shown minus the faucet can be purchased at some plumbing supplies, hardware stores or water treatment dealers and can be connected by various means. I use a triple filter system personally as I am somewhat anal.
The only filter that removes chlorine is activated charcoal. This will remove just about everything else as well. If you have a chlorine problem let the water stand for a day before brewing.
It will not remove "just about everything as well". Carbon filtration, no matter how tight the micron rating is, will not remove any disolved minerals, and at 10 microns, which is the nominal rating of the CTO 10/2, it will remove almost no bacteria and no viruses. It will remove most chemicals in low concentrations if enough contact time is given. And just to clarify, minerals in water that are not dissolved will settle out even if dipped directly from the river. Municipal sources are filtered to remove suspended material.
Letting the water stand for a day will remove chlorine if conditions are right. (in a cold, dark place it will not, in the sun on a warm day/warm water it disperses rapidly.)
However, chloramines will not come out of solution in any resonable time. The is why it is now used for disinfection as someone already pointed out. It is far more stable than chlorine.
As to Campden Tabs, they will work. I will not use more chemical solutions than I have to.