Wine bottles aren't really designed to hold much pressure, beer bottles are. The cork only has friction to hold the wine in the bottle, whereas the cap of a beer bottle has a mechanical clamp on the bottle. Don't confuse a wine bottle with a Champagne bottle either; a Champagne bottle is much thicker. To make it more confusing, there are some wine bottles that can be capped, just like a beer bottle, but it's only for the seal, not the pressure.
I've had some things carbonate while in wine bottles, on accident. I had to throw all of my bottles in the fridge, and drink them as fast as I could! The corks were being pushed out of the top by the pressure differential. The last one I drank had shoved the cork out nearly half way!