Here's a good reference on the topic:
The usual way to bottle is to move the beer to a bottling bucket, prepare a sanitary priming sugar solution, and pour the solution into the bottling bucket. A bottling wand attaches to the spigot and makes bottling really easy. The beer can sit and wait until you get the bottling rig - about $20 cost.
A general rule of thumb is 1 oz (by weight) of corn sugar per gallon. A little less is good for english ales.
Here is a good carbonation calculator:
I tried the Brewers Best priming tabs one time. The package stated the amount to be added for a 12 oz beer. I think it was 3 or 4 tablets for 12 oz. It will depend on the brand most likely.
Civilization begins with Beer !
Primary: nothing in the pipeline at the moment
Secondary: some summer beers are imperative
Bottled: Nut Brown, Listermann's Cream Ale, American Pale Ale, Holiday Ale, HopNog, Honey Malt Cream Ale, Irish Stout, English Brown Ale, BIAB English Ale, India Black Ale, Bengal Juice, BIAB Cherry Wheat on the cherries, Belgian Pale Ale, Island Hefe on Mango, Island Hefe on Apricot (and dang -these are awesome beers)
Next Up: Hop farming