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Home Brew Forums > Wine, Mead, Cider, Sake & Soda > Cider Forum > applejack recipe for a homebrewer
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Old 06-08-2012, 12:45 AM   #11
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roady, about length of time on oak, I'm not sure. I suspect concentration of alcohol in the surrounding environment might speed things up. I've only used cubes once -- a couple ozs of American oak (dark toasted), soaked in rum for about a week and then dumped into a 8% ABV Belgian Dark Strong for about a month. At first the oak was unpleasently strong (but not gross), then it rapidly tapered off til the beer was excellent and very balanced after about another month. The amount was about 3 gal. For a single mason jar of much stronger stuff? All I could advise is try it and taste maybe once every two weeks, stopping when it becomes oaked enough for you.

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Old 06-08-2012, 12:52 AM   #12
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freeze concentrating is a no no to mention on this forum . . . think it falls under the whole distillation thing legally
Pumbaa, I've specifically told you before that we allow the topic. Again, if you want to further discuss, debate, or explore the legal ramifications of freeze concentration, please start a new thread in the appropriate subforum.
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Old 06-08-2012, 06:30 PM   #13
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I've noticed a few people mentioning fusels, either explicitly as in pumbaa's post or tacitly (with the bad hangover....) I'm curious about ways to minimize their production to begin with. My local HBS advised me to use a blow off tube even with batches that weren't going to overflow, citing that the fusels tended to be blown out during production. I've tried it with a couple high gravity batches (again, not with cider -- but I suspect things would work the same way), and it seems to have worked. The resulting batches were less hot than the ones I'd made before.

I've also read that yeasts produce more of these at higher temps and higher gravities, so start lower along both dimensions, and you'll get less of the unwantables. Can anyone confirm?

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Old 06-08-2012, 07:17 PM   #14
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never heard the blow off theory before, but high temps will absolutely create fusels that you don’t want. It does depend on the yeast strain as to what is considered high temps

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Old 06-08-2012, 08:11 PM   #15
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I've noticed a few people mentioning fusels, either explicitly as in pumbaa's post or tacitly (with the bad hangover....) I'm curious about ways to minimize their production to begin with. My local HBS advised me to use a blow off tube even with batches that weren't going to overflow, citing that the fusels tended to be blown out during production. I've tried it with a couple high gravity batches (again, not with cider -- but I suspect things would work the same way), and it seems to have worked. The resulting batches were less hot than the ones I'd made before.

I've also read that yeasts produce more of these at higher temps and higher gravities, so start lower along both dimensions, and you'll get less of the unwantables. Can anyone confirm?
Best way to reduce their production during fermentation is to ferment as cool as you can while still getting the yeast to work as long as it can. The other way to get rid of them (and the best IMHO) is via a process that will get another one of my posts deleted or result in further admonishment.
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Old 06-09-2012, 10:59 AM   #16
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i don't think it's too controversial to say that professional distillers discard the first bit of runoff from the still because it is contains a higher percentage of fusels and methanol, (which i don't fully understand since some of the so called fusels like the smaller propanols have a similar or higher boiling point to ethanol...) but the idea of fusels being reduced by a blow off tube is definitely pseudoscience! i think people like to seem knowledgeable regardless of whether or not they possess knowledge, and i suspect your lhbs guy is making dung sculptures. even if that were true, why would a blowoff tube make a difference compared to an airlock? go with prevention rather than weird cure!
btw, andrew lea in 'craft cider making' recommends temps below 20c, but for the reason that higher temp reduces the fruity flavors in the finished drink rather than to reduce fusels, he says go with as low as possible but high enough for good yeast activity which is generally around 15c

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Old 06-11-2012, 10:24 PM   #17
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If I wanted to try this off some of the famous apfelwine, if I dripped into sanitized mason jar(s) would that be ok to store/age in? How long should this age?

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Old 06-11-2012, 10:55 PM   #18
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If I wanted to try this off some of the famous apfelwine, if I dripped into sanitized mason jar(s) would that be ok to store/age in? How long should this age?
That's how I'm aging mine.

My first try so not sure how long, Figured I'd give it 6 months. Gonna throw a few oak chips in as soon as i remember to.
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Old 08-19-2012, 04:36 PM   #19
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I am currently freezing 2 gallons of 10% cider brewed particularly cold, then aged for two weeks. Might try freezing the 1 gal or so I get, or splitting the batch. Funday Sunday!

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