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Old 11-02-2011, 02:10 PM   #1
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so i have read over lots of thread on this forum and looked up recipies on various websites and one thing that seems to vary is when to add campden. Some sites say to add after secondary fermentation before first racking, others say wait until a few days before bottleing and use with sorbate, and others say to add sorbate when stabalizing then wait a day or two then add your campden immediately before bottleing. i am using the standard welch's recipie (Yooper's post in the recipie forum), any advice on when to add the campden?

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Old 11-02-2011, 02:32 PM   #2
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It depends on why you're using the campden to begin with!

For some recipes, you use unpastuerized fruits or juices so you use campden at the outset to kill wild yeast and bacteria that may be on the fruit. After that, it's used at every other racking (to keep the sulfites at roughly 50 ppm) and at bottling, as an antioxidant and preservative. If the sulfite is added to the wine, then it can't uptake oxygen and it "blocks" oxygen from binding with the wine. When it's bottled, the sulfite works as a preservative for the wine so it can be aged. Also at that time, sulfite (campden) is combined with sorbate so that the wine may be sweetened. This is called "stabilization".

For the recipe you mention, it uses already pasteurized juice I believe, and the wine isn't meant for aging, so sulfites would only be used if you wanted to use them as an antioxidant or as part of stabilizing the wine before sweetening and bottling.

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Old 11-02-2011, 02:41 PM   #3
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excellent, thank you for the clarification

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